Traditional Classroom Constructivist Classroom
Traditioneller Unterrichtsaufbau Konstruktivistischer Unterrichtsaufbau
The teacher  sees students only as learners. Learners are perceived as holistic persons, i.e. it is accepted that they do not only possess a mental but also an emotional and physical dimension.
The teacher determines the content and the goal of the class. The classroom situation is completely under the teacher's control.  Learners define their goals and contents within the scope of the subject of the lesson. The teacher gives advice and asks questions, but leaves the learners plenty of rope. 
Learners are extrinsically motivated, for example by the teacher.  Learners are mostly intrinsically motivated. 
Subject material is subdivided into small units in order to make learning easier. Learners are confronted with a complex realistic situation and have to find a suitable order for themselves. 
It is assumed that every learner is able to learn the same material within the same period of time and with similar speed. Learners construct their own methods to access knowledge. 
Each learner learns for himself and on his own. Learning works better in a group. 
Each student acquires knowledge and this knowledge is the same for everyone. Learners form their own interpretation of the subject matter. 
The teacher gives model answers (solution-oriented)  The teacher confronts the learners with questions and motivates them to find their own answers (problem-oriented). 
Learning for tests is often only a short-term success..  Learning is a long-term success.
One-way communication in teaching and learning. The teacher lectures, the learners listen.  The teacher encourages discussion among the learners. 



Home - Epistemology - Constructivism - Objectivism

Designed by Karen Hoehnke, Veronika Koch und Ulrike Lutz.

Translated by Nina Burr, Irina Haas, Andrea Kühn, Oliver Müller, Thea Roll, Sabine Ruflair and Mareike Zeller.
Last updated January 30, 2003